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民族概况
布朗族人口约9万人,主要聚居在云南省西部澜沧江下游两侧的山岳地带。
村寨介绍
布朗族寨与佤族寨毗邻相连,寨内“孔明帽”式建筑十分独特,建有民居、鬼神广场等建筑。鬼神广场中央竖立着布朗族的图腾,是布朗族祭拜神灵和表演歌舞、举行传统民俗活动的重要场所。
民居建筑
布朗族住房建筑为干栏式竹楼,分上下两层,楼下关牲畜,楼上住人。布朗族村寨通常由三、五个至数十个同一血缘的家族聚居,住房干栏式竹木结构的二层瓦房,上层有正堂、卧室、晒台等,下层一般作为仓库、圈养牲畜的地方。屋内中央设置火塘,火塘边是家人吃饭、待客的地方,夜晚则在火塘四周安置床铺。
宗教信仰
布朗人有的信鬼神,崇拜祖先,有万物有灵的自然崇拜观,有的崇信小乘佛教。
礼仪习俗
布朗族的男孩与女孩到了十四五岁时要举行“漆齿”的成年礼仪式。届时男女少年相聚在一起,用铁锅片烧取红毛树黑烟,彼此为异性染齿。染齿意味着步入成年,可以公开参加村寨中的社交活动。
语言
布朗语属南亚语系孟高语族布朗语支,分为布、阿尔低两种方言。无本民族文字,通用傣文和汉文。
婚俗
串姑娘”是布朗族传统的恋爱方式。谈恋爱有一种独特方式,叫“赠白花”,既男女青年在平时交往中,若小伙子看中了姑娘,便采一束白桂花,托自己的姐妹或较好的朋友将花送给女方,姑娘如果有意,就会说“请来玩吧!”。入夜,小伙子吹着葫芦丝登楼探访,其他人有意回避,让出火塘,由一对情人在火塘边娓娓交谈。定下终身后,姑娘就在发髦上用心上人送来的白桂花绕成圈,表示已有心上人。一对情侣婚礼要重复举行2至3次。第一次在定亲之后,姑娘被接到男方家行拴线礼仪式。此后新郎、新娘各回各家,尽管新郎每夜必宿老丈人家,但白天仍然回到自己家中劳动生活。直到第二次婚礼新娘才正式嫁到夫家去当儿媳妇。第三次仪式在婴儿出生后,要杀猪宰牛喝喜酒,招待全村寨的亲朋好友。
服饰
布朗族穿着简朴,男子穿对襟无领短衣和黑色宽大长裤,用黑布或白布包头。妇女上着紧身无领短衣,下穿红、绿纹或黑色筒裙,头挽发髻并缠大包头。男子有纹身的习俗,四肢、胸、腹皆刺染各种花纹。妇女喜欢戴大耳环、银手镯等装饰。姑娘爱戴野花或自编的彩花,将双颊染红
文化
布朗族的文化艺术丰富多彩,民间有丰富的口头文学,流传着许多优美动人的故事诗和抒情叙事诗,题材广泛。积累了不少天文、历法、天气变化规律的知识,并总结了原始的辨别方位、季节和气候的方法。
饮食

饮食喜酸辣。喜用锣锅或土锅把稻米焖成米饭,尤擅煮竹筒饭,煮时选一段鲜竹,装好米和适量的水,用火烧熟,剖开竹筒一人端一半以竹筒当碗用。妇女有嚼槟榔的习惯,并以牙齿被染成黑色为美。喜欢饮酒,且大都自家酿制,其中以翡翠酒最为著名。喝茶是布朗族的另一个嗜好,并且善作茶。竹筒茶和酸茶是布朗族所特有的。民间还常把酸茶做馈赠亲友的礼品。

 

歌舞
歌舞颇受傣族歌舞影响,跳舞时伴以象脚鼓、钹和小三弦等乐器。擅长跳“刀舞”,舞姿矫健有力。少男少女爱跳“圆圈舞”。逢年过节或婚娶佳期,盛行“跳歌”。
节日
最具特色的节祭日有年节、祭寨神、洗牛脚等。 过年节(傣语叫“京比迈”)是布朗人最最隆重的节日。关门节(傣语叫“豪瓦沙”)。
Worship
          The Cowhead Square is where the Wa perform the cow-slaughtering ritual that has passed down to this day from ancient times. The cow horn at the center of the square stands for the center of the village. The two stone figures that stand in the front of the square represent the very ancestor and ancestress of the Wa who are named “Muyiji” and “Ayie” respectively. The square is a showcase of the Wa’s beliefs in animism and immortality of the soul.
Ghost Square
          The Ghost Square, which centers around the totem of the Bulang, is a vivid illustration of the tribe’s animism and worship of nature. It is also an important place where the Bulang worship ghosts and spirits, perform ritual dances and other activities. The Bulang call their priests “Daman”, who are the major players of all kinds of ritual activities.
Housing and Costume of the Bulang
          Bulang villages are usually located at hillsides of an elevation between 1500 and 2300 meters, with most of the dwelling houses being bamboo structures erected on wood poles with thatched roofs. The poles naturally divide the house into an upstairs part and a downstairs part. The upstairs part, which contains a bamboo floor, a balcony, and a fireplace, is the living room where the family eat and sleep. The downstairs part, in contrast, is where animals are kept and farm tools stored. A typical Bulang outfit for men consists of a long-sleeved black dress and a pair of short trousers, a white headdress and a black scarf. Bulang men often have their bodies tattooed with all kinds of patterns, especially in the limbs, chests and stomachs. A Bulang woman often wears a black narrow-sleeved tight-fit dress, with the two fronts joined at the breast. They also like to wear black skirts with white stockings, and blue headdress with silver ornaments that hang all the way to their shoulders. Other ornaments include bracelets and colorful threads.In older times both Bulang men and women were in the habit of smoking and chewing tobacco.