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民族概况
布依族人口近5.5万人,主要聚居于曲靖、文山、红河几个州、市。
村寨介绍
布依族寨子傍水而建,两幢民居忠于民间的构建方式,实现了邛笼系与板屋系建筑手法的完美结合。寨内水榭回廊,曲径通幽,既是民居风情的浓缩,又是园林景观的新创,颇具代表性。
民居建筑
布依族居住显著特点是依山傍水聚族而居。民居多为干栏式楼房或半边楼式的石板房。石板房以石条或石块砌墙,墙可垒至五六米高;以石板盖顶,铺成整齐的菱形或随料铺成鳞纹,石头民居不仅不透风雨,而且古朴美观
宗教信仰
信仰多神教,崇拜祖先,信土地神,把奇石、树、山、河、岩洞、铜鼓等作为有神灵之物而供祭。遇到疾病、自然灾害或“不祥”之兆时请“老摩”、“迷拉”驱鬼扫寨攘灾祈福。图腾有龙、鹰、虎等。
礼仪习俗
布依族人好客、热情、大方、真诚,凡来到山寨的,亲朋故旧、素不相识的,一律会以酒相待。布依人很讲礼,不欢迎满嘴脏话、举止粗鲁的客人。
语言
布依语属汉藏语系壮侗语族壮傣语支,没有本民族文字,现通用汉文。
婚俗
布依族的婚姻是一夫一妻制,同宗或同姓严禁通婚,有“姑舅表婚”和兄终弟及的转房制习俗。订婚时,由男方父母托媒去女家,并送一定的酒、肉、耙耙等礼品。如对方同意,第二次媒人则要将男女双方的“八字”互为效验,若相符则可择定结婚日期。送彩礼的数额,特别讲究“六”或“双”数,因“六”即禄的谐音,表示婚后双双有禄必有福之意。结婚时,新郎不迎亲,只请几个相好的男女代为相迎。新娘一般都是撑伞步行至男家,个别也有骑马、坐花轿的。结婚当天新婚夫妇不同房,次日即返娘家。
服饰
男女多喜欢穿蓝、青、黑、白等色布服装。青壮年男子多包头巾,穿对襟短衣(或大襟长衫)包头巾,长裤。老年人大多穿对襟短衣或长衫。妇女的服饰各地不一,有的穿右衽大襟衣,着长裤或褶子裙,戴银质手镯、耳环、项圈等首饰。有的喜欢在衣服上绣花,有的喜欢用白毛巾包头。
文化
布依族的文化艺术绚丽多彩。传统舞蹈有《铜鼓舞》、《织布舞》、《狮子舞》、《糖包舞》等。传统乐器有唢呐、月琴、洞箫、木叶、笛子等。地戏、花灯剧是布依族人喜爱的剧种。布依族的蜡染久负盛名。 除蜡染之外,布依族民间传统工艺还有扎染、织锦、刺绣、木雕、石雕、竹编等
饮食
布依族普遍喜食糯米,冷菜、青苔冻肉、拌豌豆凉粉等是布依人喜欢的食品。酸菜和酸汤几乎每餐必备,尤以妇女最喜食用。还有血豆腐、鲜笋和各种昆虫加工制作的风味菜肴。都善制作咸菜、腌肉和豆豉,民间特有的腌菜“盐酸”驰名中外。传统小吃如米线、饵块、豌豆粉、米凉糕等。
歌舞
布依族喜爱唱歌,在劳动生产成喜庆节日或在情人幽会的月夜,都会到处激荡淳朴悠扬的歌声。布依歌调基本分为《大调》和《小调》两种
节日
布依族传统节日除大年(春节)、端阳节、中秋节基本与汉族相同外,有“二月二”、“三月三”、“四月八”、“六月六”、“六月二十四”、“牛王节”等富有本民族特色的节日。
Origin and customs
          The Buyi originate from the Luoyue of the Baiyues of ancient times. In historical literature they were also known by over a dozen other names, including “Xieman” and “Zhongjia”. The Buyi have many festivals which are celebrated according to the lunar calendar, including the Spring Festival, the Duanwu (The Fifth Day of the Fifth Month) Festival, the Sanyuesan ( the Third Day of the Third Month), the Siyueba (the Eighth Day of the Fourth Month) Festival, and the Liuyueliu(the Sixth Day of the Sixth Month)Festival. The Sanyuesan Festival is one for worshipping the God of Earth and the God of Mountain as well as for visiting family graveyards and making offerings to ancestors. There are, however, regional differences in the activities that are conducted for celebrating the festival. Apart from
Buyi’s Dwelling Houses
          The Buyi are often found living in compact communities in areas marked by undulating hills and crisscrossing rivers, which give rise to some essential features of their dwelling houses. They often seat their homesteads against hills in terraces. Whether the houses are set up on poles, with bamboo and wood, or with earth and stone or with bricks and tiles, they all are built following the terrain of the hills, a unique trait that one seldom finds with the houses of other tribes. In older times, Buyi houses were mostly erected on poles and were of bamboo and wood structure. Now these have been replaced by flat-roofed houses of wood and stone structure or by “suspended houses”which are reminiscent of older Buyi houses that are erected on poles. These houses are well adapted to the land features of where they stand, and are a demonstration of the ingenuity of the Buyi people.
Religions
          The Buyi people used to worship ancestors and believe in polytheism. One of the gods is the god of land. This belief has led them  to worship as spiritual objects odd stones, big trees, mountains, rivers, wells, caverns, bronze drums, etc. They divine by using chickens, eggs,  grass, copper coins and so on. Male diviners and priests are called "laomo," and their female counterparts "mila." In case of illness, natural disasters or ominous events, a "laomo" or "mila" will be asked to expel the ghosts from the village and seek gods' help in warding off disasters. Their totems include dragon, tiger, eagle, etc. Because dragon is believed to be capable of keeping water and preventing floods, it has a dominant place among animals they worship. Since Catholicism was introduced into Yunnan in modern times, some Buyis have converted to it.
Rich Culture
          The poetry of the Buyi people has varied forms: ancient songs, epics, wine songs, pange (a type of folk songs), love songs, children's rhymes, etc. The Buyi people love singing so much that they even have a traditional singing festival-- Sanyuesan or 3rd Day of the 3rd Month .Their musical instruments are many and have had a long history: the ancient bell chimes, bronze drums, zimeixiao (a bamboo wind instrument), four-stringed huquin (a bowed instrument), kouxian (a bamboo strip instrument), etc. Exquisite and rich in content, their age-old embroidery and brocade are often used as clothing ornaments, curtains, quilt covers, pillow covers, turbans, shoe uppers, and so on. Their finely woven bamboo articles are of many types: divination slips, mattresses, food boxes, school bags, etc.  Their stone and wood carvings distinguish themselves with complicated skills, varied designs and high artistic value.